Lobster Literacy Retreat
Annotated list of resources
April 12-13, 2003
Scholarly Books with Information on Lobster
The American Lobster: A Study of its Habits and Development. Francis Hobart Herrick, 1895. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission. Vol XV. Washington.
This is the classic Monograph of lobster life history. An excellent book illustrated with watercolor paintings and hand drawings by the author. Out of print.
The Biology of the Lobster, Homarus americanus. Jan Robert Factor, ed., 1995. Academic Press, NY.
The information in this book is accurate and well referenced. Each is written by researchers who are experts on the subject.
The Biology and Management of Lobsters, Parts I and II. Cobb, J.S. and B.F. Phillips, eds. 1980. Academic Press.
The information in this book is accurate and well referenced. Each chapter is written by researchers who are experts on the subject.
The Natural History of the American Lobster. Francis Hobart Herrick. Frank N. Edgerton, ed., 1978. History of Ecology Series. Arno Press.
A new edition of the Herricks work.
High School Level
Shrimps, Lobsters, and Crabs: Their Fascinating Life Stories. Dorothy E. Bliss. 1982. Columbia University Press.
Excellent book on general biology of shrimps, lobsters, and crabs written by a research scientist. Some of the information is a bit dated.
Grade School Level
Lobsters: Gangsters of the Sea
Jeffrey L. Rotman (Photographer), Mary M. Cerullo
Hardcover: 56 pages, Gr. 4-6.
Publisher: Cobblehill; (February 1994)
With fine color pictures and an immediate, informative text, this lively photo-essay captures the behavior of lobsters and their relationship with the people who catch them. Lobster trappers are farmers as well as hunters of the sea, according to Cerullo, and lobster conservation is as much a part of the story as catching, cooking, and eating lobster. Many of the photographs are close-up views taken underwater, showing lobsters at various stages of their life cycle. There are also pictures of the fishing industry that show people working on boats and in restaurants, preparing bait, and throwing young or pregnant lobsters back into the sea. Cerullo's style is informal and immediate. She explains that lobsters are known as "gangsters" because of their aggressive and territorial nature: they steal bait from traps and food from the homes of other lobsters. One ironic connection with people who have wrestled with shells and claws at the dinner table is that lobsters themselves are messy eaters.
Lobsters Inside-Out: A Lobster Workbook.
by Robert Bayer & Juanita Bayer, illustrated by MaJo Keleshian and Marcia Spencer. 1999. University of Maine. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque, Iowa.
Available from: The Lobster Institute, 210 Rogers Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04468
Contains good information about lobsters and lobstering and some lobster-related activities appropriate for grade school kids.
The Lobster King
by Einar Olsen
Publisher: Oddo Publishing Inc; (December 1970)
Part of an oceanography series for young children.
Paperback: 24 pages, Reading level: Ages 4-8
Publisher: Heinemann Library; (March 2002)
Lobsters (Animals Without Bones Discovery Library)
Jason Cooper, Lynn M. Stone
Library Binding, Reading level: Ages 4-8
Publisher: The Rourke Book Company, Inc.; (July 1996)
Part of the Discover Library Series.
The American Lobster
by Lorraine L. Stubbs.
This 40-page booklet describes the lobster, its anatomical features, life processes, and behaviors. Diagrams and pictures help to illustrate the lobster trap and the lobster fishery.
Available from: Department of Marine Resources, Education Division, P.O. Box 8, West Boothbay Harbor, ME 04575, by calling Abby Deitz at (207) 633-9542 or by e-mailing firstname.lastname@example.org $3.00
Laboratory Culture Manual for the American Lobster (Homarus americanus).
by Jason S. Goldstein and Stacy Bartko. 1999. New England Aquarium.
Available from: New England Aquarium, Edgerton Laboratory, Lobster Rearing and Research Facility, Central Wharf, Boston, MA 02110. (617) 973-5275.
Other Books on Lobsters
Lobsters Great and Small
by Philip W. Conkling, Anne Hayden, Olympia J. Snowe, H. Lee Dantzler Paperback: 119 pages ;
Publisher: Island Institute; (May 2002)
Lobsters Great and Small stems from the collaboration of environmental scientists with lobster fishermen on the coast of Maine. The hard data of the scientists has been artfully blended with the salty observations of those who catch lobsters for a living. The star of the show, however, is the Maine lobster, Homarus americanus.
The roots of this engaging book go back to 1996, when the federal government issued a grant to the Island Institute for a collaborative study by lobster fishers, marine biologists, and oceanographers to study lobster migration patterns and reproductive behavior.
One outcome of this five-year study is this unique and beautiful book, replete with satellite images and color photos by renowned photographer Peter Ralston and others. Philip Conkling and Anne Hayden explain the science in nontechnical language, skillfully weaving interesting nuggets of history and human interest into the text. The result is an engaging and comprehensive view of where Maines lobster fishery came from, where it is now, and where it is
The Lobster, its life cycle
by Herb Taylor
Hardcover: 95 pages
Publisher: PBC International; Revised edition (October 1985)
Text and illustrations describe each phase of a lobster's life and discuss the detrimental effect of overfishing on the lobster population and what is being done to counter the problem.
Excellent photos and illustrations. However, contains much misinformation. Be careful how you use this book
Lobsters: Florida, Bahamas, and the Caribbean
by Martin A. Moe Jr.
Publisher: Green Turtle Pubns; (November 1991)
On the natural history, evolution, morphology, and taxonomy of this economically important species together with care and culture in aquaria, hatcheries and farms, fisheries, laws and management. A wealth of information for anyone interested in tropical lobster. The only reference that brings together the hundred of scientific studies on the Caribbean spiny lobster, including Moe's previously unpublished aquaculture research. The information is valuable for the marine science student and professional aquarist, yet is presented in a format that the recreational diver, commercial fisherman, or marine hobbyist can understand and appreciate.
History & Social Studies of Lobstering
Capturing the Commons: Devising Institutions to Manage the Maine Lobster Industry
by James M. Acheson
Hardcover: 320 pages
Publisher: University Press of New England; 1st edition (March 2003)
A case study of the Maine lobster fishery, one of the most successful fisheries in the world. This book has not yet been released
The Great Lobster Chase
by Mike Brown
Publisher: Books on Tape, Inc.; (September 1, 1987)
This book is wrenched from the cold blue and green and steel gray of Maine's coastal waters. It is distilled from fish houses hung with pot buoys, from traps stacked on shore and from that moment when the incoming trap breaks the ocean's surface and the lobster is there or not. The cast of characters is varied, some of them are barely fictional, most of them entirely real. "THE GREAT LOBSTER CHASE is anecdotal, uproarious, sober,and through it you will begin to understand what happens in the pierside shacks, the sardine packing plants, the co-ops...and most important, in the boats and on the ocean bottom."
Hardcover Out of Print
Publisher: International Marine/Ragged Mountain Press; (May 1985)
The Maine Lobster Book
Publisher: International Marine/Ragged Mountain Press; (May 1986)
This wonderful book exposes lobster fishers for what they essentially are, hardworking men --although the unit of each area works in a gang like fashion to discourage newcomers ie;(retirees, high school kids with 30-40 traps, women.. It details their overwhelming use of Styrofoam products and plastics that contribute so much to ozone depletion.
The Great Lobster War
by Ron Formisano, Ronald P. Formisano
Paperback: 176 pages
Publisher: Univ. of Massachusetts Press; (May 1997)
In 1956 the Maine Lobsterman's Association was created to break the stranglehold placed on the group by fish dealers, who the fishermen accused of price fixing. Nearly 4,000 fishermen refused to fish in retaliation for dealers' price reductions of their catch, and these disgruntled seamen tried to persuade the rest of their lobstering brothers and sisters to do the same. Before the strike could make a real impact, the dealers complained to the Justice Department, claiming that the association's striking fishermen were harassing those who chose to continue working. Thus summoned, the Department went on to charge both parties with antitrust violations, instigating a circus-like investigation and trial. Given a cast of rugged fisherman, slippery dealers, and ardent yet misguided federal prosecutors, University of Florida history professor Ron Formisano recreates the trial and its various repercussions from the beginning of the conflict to its unexpected and ultimately inconsequential end. Remarkably thorough, The Great Lobster War reveals much about the character of the fishermen as well as the people of Maine, playing up the confrontation that pitted underdog lobstermen against dealers backed by the power of a market economy.
The Lobster Gangs of Maine
by James M. Acheson
Paperback: 205 pages
Publisher: University Press of New England; 1st edition (November 1988)
An anthropologist describes the working world of Maine lobstermen, focusing on the intricate personal network that sustains them.
Lobstering Inshore and Offshore
by Earl L. Doliber
Hardcover, 108 pp
Publisher: International Marine/Ragged Mountain Press; (June 1974)
Out of print
B&W photos & line drawings,. written for those interested in the lobster industry
Maine Lobsterboats: Builders and Lobstermen Speak of Their Craft
by Virginia L. Thorndike
Paperback: 176 pages
Publisher: Down East Books; (August 1998)
Thorndike has assembled a thoroughly engrossing collection of solid information, individual viewpoints, opinions and tall tales about the Maine lobsterboat told in their own words by the people who know and love them best. Each interview unveils the character of the individual as well as the boats they talk about. Downeast life on the water comes alive in the droll understated humor that is their characteristic means of expression
The Tale of the Lobster: A Practical Guide to the American Lobster, the Inshore and Offshore Lobster Fisheries, and the Hardy Souls That Pursue Them
by Robert Delano Martin
Paperback: 336 pages
Publisher: 1stBooks Library; (November 2002)
Marine Life other than Lobsters
Sea Soup Phytoplankton & Sea Soup Zooplankton
by Mary M. Cerullo, photography by Bill Curtsinger. 1999. Tilbury House, Gardiner, Maine.
Available from: Gulf of Maine Aquarium, P.O. Box 7549, Portland, ME 04112.
(207) 772-2321. http://octopus.gma.org.
Beautiful pictures, great information, written for the general public.
Sea Soup Teachers Guide, Discovering the Watery World of Phytoplankton and Zooplankton
by Betsey T. Stevens, Illustrated by Rosemary Giebfried. 1999. Tilbury House, Gardiner, Maine.
Follows the format of the Sea Soup books with loads of well-thought-out lesson plans and activities.
A Teachers Guide to Marine Life of the Gulf of Maine.
Materials and information may be obtained by contacting the Department of Marine Resources, Education Division, P.O. Box 8, West Boothbay Harbor, ME 04575 or calling (207)633-9542 or by e-mailing email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org $5.00
Carla Eutsler found this guide very helpful in her classes.
Gulf of Maine Marine Coloring Book.
illustrated by James Booker, layout by Dawn Grover.
Available from: Department of Marine Resources, Education Division/Aquarium, P.O. Box 8, West Boothbay harbor, Me 04575 (207) 633-9542
Life on Intertidal Rocks
by Cherie Hunter Day.
Available from: Nature Study Guild, Box 10489, Rochester, NY 14610.
Waterproof, brochure-sized guide:
Northeastern Seashore Life, An introduction to familiar coastal species north of Massachusetts
by Kavanagh/Leung, 2001. Waterford Press.
Available from: Waterford Press Ltd., P.O. Box 4739, Blaine, WA 98231-4739. www.waterfordpress.com
Going Lobstering (Outdoor Adventures)
by Jerry Pallotta, Rob Bolster (Illustrator), Robert C. Bolster (Illustrator)
Paperback: 32 pages, Reading level: Ages 4-8
Publisher: Charlesbridge Publishing; (September 1990)
Stunning color paintings illustrate the story of a brother and sister who spend a day aboard a lobstering boat. The photographic quality of the realistic illustrations complements and extends the informative nature of the text.
The Blue Lobster: A Life Cycle
by Carol and Donald Carrick. 1975. Dial Books for Young Readers.
Nice illustrations and a nice way of looking at life from a lobsters point of view. Out of print.
Bob and Shirley: A Tale of Two Lobsters
by Harriet Ziefert, Mavis Smith (Illustrator)
Paperback: 32 pages, Reading level: Ages 4-8
Publisher: Puffin; (January 1999)
Bob and Shirley are two huge lobsters who live in the ocean near Maine. One day they are caught in a net and put in a tank in a fish store window until some concerned humans picket the store. Will they end up as someone's dinner? This amazing true story includes Science Fun activities to encourage children to observe and learn.
Finest Kind O' Day: Lobstering in Maine
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers; (September 1977)
A boy's first lobstering trip is captured in photographs and a brief text.
Island Fisherman: A Lobster Village Story
Mo Babicki; Ill. Glenn Chadbourne
RL: Ages 4-8
1999 (may be out of print)
Danny learns about lobstering and his grandfather learns that wire traps catch more lobsters than wooden traps.
Dahlov Zorach Ipcar
Paperback, 36pp, RL: ages 4-8
Publisher: Down East Books, (October 1989)
A boy in a Maine fishing village helps his father overhaul his gear, makes a trap and buoy of his own, sets out the traps, and hauls the traps.
Kathleen M. Hollenbeck; ill. Jon Weiman)
Hardcover, 32pp., RL: ages 4-8
Publisher: Soundprints -Smithsonian Oceanic Collection, (Feb. 1996)
Lobster emerges from his rocky hiding place off the Maine coast and prowls for dinner while watching for predators, a task made even more difficult after he molts.
Hardcover: 160 pages
Publisher: Cricket Books; (May, 2001)
Sixteen-year-old Dain Harrington knows there is one thing hes good at, and thats lobstering. Its something he feels he can rely on, even though his father died in a storm at sea while fishing. During the summer before his senior year, Dain has good luck fishing his traps, until someone starts cutting them. Someone wants him off the water. And so begins a lobster war. Dain suspects Roger Gribbin, the local tough guy, who happens to be a friend of Dains elusive brother, Eddie. Looking for advice and answers, Dain finally tracks Eddie down and asks him some pointed questions: Who is cutting his traps? Should he get off the water? Why is this happening to him? To Dains shock and ultimate disappointment, Eddies answers are evasive and unsettling. As heavy fog rolls in, the landscape that Dain knows so well seems less clear than before. He wonders if the same thing is happening with his life, especially with Eddie, who is drifting farther and farther away. A dramatic ocean rescue provides the moving climax to this eloquent first novel set on the rugged Maine coast
Hardcover, 160pp, RL Young Adult
Publisher: Penguin Putnam Books for Young Readers (April 1984)
Mystery. Tracy James leaves her contented life in Florida to become involved in a mind-controlling cult in Maine and to learn why an old family friend's lobster business is being sabotaged.
Sally Smith Bryant
Paperback, 176pp, RL: ages 9-12
Publisher: North Country Press (March 1997)
Mystery: Juggins and her father, both lobster fishermen, live in a small fishing village on the coast of Maine. When her father is accused of stealing lobsters from other fishermen's traps, Juggins and her summer friend Jimmy set out to clear her father's name.
Island in the Bay
Hardcover, 184pp RL: Young adult
Publisher: Blackberry: Salted in the Shell, (December 1993)
Story of a boy's struggle to win a place for himself in a Maine lobstering village.
Mystery of Sebastian Island
Margaret Goff Clark
Format: Hardcover, 159 pp. RL: ages 9-12
Publisher: W. Clement Stone, P M A Communications, Inc. (Sept. 1976)
Mystery. A teenage girl discovers that the sinister forces at work on a Maine island center around an old lobsterman.
Mystery Of The Lobster Thieves
Willoughby, Elaine Macmann, Illustrated by Raymond Keane
Hardcover, 56 p.
Weekly Readers Children's Book Club Edition
When Annie and Wallace move to an island just off the coast of New Hampshire, they solve a mystery that has been puzzling the local residents for a long time.
Out to the Edge
by Benjamin Weinberg
softcover, young adult
Windswept House Publishers, (1993)
After the loss of wife and mother, a father and his teenage son struggle for mutual understanding, complicated by the son's association with a wild young lobster fisherman.
Something in the Water
Publisher: Down East Book (February 2001)
Maine lobster fisherman Amos Coombs knows that German U-boats are hiding out along the coast by day and sinking American merchant vessels at night. Until one terrifying day, however, he is unaware that the enemy is quite literally in his backyard or that the presence of a Nazi submarine is about to change his life and those of his fellow islanders forever. More than just a war novel, this novel presents a vivid portrayal of a community and a way of life.
RL: ages 10-14
Dave Little and his two children live on a deserted island off the Maine coast. Lobstering, storms and even a friendly ghost enliven the tale.
by Mary Palmer, photography by Cy Palmer
Softcover, 96 pages , all ages
Windswept House Publishers, June 1994
Traditional poems which speak of memories and reflections of Maine. A window on life Downeast
Realm of the Lobster
Produced and Directed by Clarita Berger & Nick Caloyianis. 2000. Nick Caloyianis Productions, Inc.
This is a wonderful film about lobsters. The underwater cinematography is awesome. Carla Eutsler used it successfully in her classroom with the sound off, providing her own commentary.
Available from The Lobster Conservancy, $18.
The Lobster Conservancy Wonderful section on lobster biology, updates on current lobster research.
LobsterTales LobsterTales.org is a new educational project by the Island Institute to help students and lobstermen from small Maine lobstering communities discover their connections to a global market.
The Penobscot Bay Collaborative was a five-year multi-institutional, multi-user program funded with a lead grant from NOAAs National Environmental Satellite Data Information Service (NESDIS). This research and outreach program focused on the patterns of lobster distribution based on scientific and fishery-based observations, and ties them to larger-scale patterns of oceanographic currents and fronts.
The Lobster Institute Contains Lobster Experts, a reference list of scientist specializing in lobsters and the lobster industry, a link to Lobster Cam, live video from a camera in a lobster trap, and many other lobster links.
University of Maine sponsored site; The Lobster Institute, with guidance and involvement from fishermen and all constituents within the lobster industry, and with both a community and global perspective, conducts and provides for research and educational outreach focused on protecting, conserving, and enhancing lobsters and lobstering as an industry and as a way of life.
Lobstercam with acrchival video; a small video camera is enclosed in an underwater housing, attached to the end of a regulation lobster trap. The signal travels over a 60' cable to the dock, where a video capture server gets the image and it is ftp'd to midcoast.com. The Lobster Cam server has a dedicated link to the Midcoast Internet Solutions servers via a wireless ethernet Breezecom radio.
Bigelow Lab: Lobster - Hatch to Catch. An interactive, web-based game where students start with 1000 lobster larvae and must choose the proper conditions to assure the survival of 25 of them. Students use data sheets to record their selections and immediately see the results of each of choice. The program takes some getting use to, but looks quite good and engaging at first glance.
Gulf of Maine Aquarium Great resource for marine educators, lots of great information on lobster biology, the lobster fishery, history, etc. in a form that kids can understand. Lobster activities for the classroom.
Department of Marine Resources, Education Division Field trips to aquarium, Officer SALTY in-school program.
The Maine Lobster Promotion Council, a non-profit, professional organization of the Maine lobster industry, was founded in 1991 by mandate of the 115th Legislature. This is their lobster info page Learn why Maine lobster is an eco-friendly product..
This site is dedicated to those individuals who make their living from the harvest of lobster (Homarus americanus) in the waters of the northeastern seaboard of the United States - the independent lobsterman. Lobstering from a lobstermans perspective.
This site is your "lobster reference resource" for the American lobster, Homarus americanus. New lobster reference material is being added regularly.
The Lobster Science Centre (LSC) is: A research unit within the Atlantic Veterinary College (AVC) at the University of Prince Edward Island (UPEI)
Marine Life other than Lobsters:
Maine Sea Grant. Links to great on-line marine education resources.
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences Based in Boothbay Harbor, Bigelow is an amazing resource for marine science and education. Link to ongoing research, kids can be 'Ship Mates' and link to logs of research voyages, work with data sets on sea temps., salinity, biological data and navigational information from actual seasonal cruises. Hands-on activities and background info available for all topics.
Bigelow Lab: Food Chain/Web Energy Flow Activity. Get your kids eating and being eaten by other organisms! ACTIVE lesson for showing the essential role of phytoplankton in marine ecosystems.
The Bridge: Ocean Science Education Teacher Resource Center. The BEST first place to look for curricular materials on anything oceanographic! All sites are reviewed prior to being placed here. Lessons are well organized by topic and grade level.
Northeast Fisheries Science Center A site of NOAA that includes tons of stuff! History of ground fisheries, status of fisheries off the NE, Atlantic salmon, whale research, monkfish research, etc.
Brief history of the groundfishing industry of New England
Ocean Explorer This site provides a platform to follow ocean explorations in near real-time, to learn about ocean exploration technologies, to observe remote marine flora and fauna in the multimedia gallery, to review NOAA's 200-year history of ocean exploration, and to discover additional NOAA resources in a virtual library.
NOAA Education Home page National Oceanic and Atmospheric Assocication. Good links to research NOAA is doing, and leads you to some excellent ocean science related lessons and websites for teachers and kids.
The Fish FAQ National Marine Fisheries Service
annually answers thousands of questions about the oceans and the life that thrives within them. On the basis of a canvass of experienced marine scientists in the Fisheries Service done in 1973, more than a hundred questions have been chosen as most representative. These are the Most Frequently Asked Questions containing some fascinating facts about fish.
Where Can I get Answers about Oceanography site. The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) applauds your exploration of ocean science! Offered below are several on-line resources that may bring answers to your questions about oceanography.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Homepage
Fish of the Gulf of Maine Online guide to all of the Fish of the Gulf of Maine. Contains an in-depth, scientific key for identification as well as illustrations, descriptions, habits, diet, etc.
Maine Seafood A non-profit Organization - Well organized information on a variety of Maine fish and other seafood. Choose a species and see an illustration, read physical description of the animal, and find out how and when species can be harvested. Also includes links to retailers who sell the product.
National Marine Fisheries Science Resource Guide. This 50-page resource guide uses word-scramble pages, mazes, and various types of work sheets and quizzes to help you and your students understand the role and contributions of the National Marine Fisheries Service. It also includes some great educational links.
Smithsonian's Ocean Planet Exhibit and Lesson Plans Ocean Planet has six lesson plans. 'Sea Secrets' explores ocean geography; 'Sea Connections' looks at the plants and animals that live in different marine ecosystems. 'Ocean Market' identifies and values many products of the seas. 'Pollution Solution' examines the effects of an environmental crisis. 'Stranded Along the Coast' explores both natural and human causes of animal strandings. Finally, 'Reflections on the Sea' explores the influence of oceans on language and literature.
Ocean Planet site from the Smithsonian. The Ocean Planet Exhibition as it was presented at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History
High School Curriculum for Ecology-Based Lessons using Phytoplankton Created by Polly Wilson, Deering High School, these lessons use actual data to determine: 'How seasonal variations in the availability of sunlight, nutrients and other abiotic factors influence the distribution and abundance of phytoplankton in the Gulf of Maine?
Center for Sustainable Fisheries Based in Miami, home of 'Fish Trouble': a nicely done curriculum for grades 5-12. Available free of charge.
Portland Fish Exchange Great site to get regular data on species caught, amount caught, and prices. Great for seasonal comparisons.
Commercial Fisheries News An up-to-date site for fishermen and scientists. Includes news stories, daily fish prices for Gulf of Maine markets, links to current sea surface temps., buoy locations, etc.
WhaleNet's interactive educational web site which focuses on whales and marine research with links for Teachers, students & the publc. WhaleNet is sponsored by Wheelock College in Boston, Massachusetts with initial support from the National Science Foundation
Kathy Schrocks Guide for educators including sections on marine sciences with many links
The Marine Biological Laboratorys marine organism site. Discusses the value of research into marine life and has links to photographs of thousands of specimens organized by taxonomic category
The Flescher Fish Slide Collection; the photos represent specimens collected during survey trawls of the continental shelf between Nova Scotia and North Carolina between the years of 1975 and 1986
Many of the web sites and their descriptions were listed in the Fall/Winter 2002 edition of Gulf Stream, the GOMMEA (Gulf of Maine Marine Educators) newsletter, and can be found with active links at http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/fil/pages/listfisherieja.html
Many of the books and web sites and their descriptions were found in a web search by Michael Ashmore.